Dry macular degeneration, also called central geographic atrophy, affects many patients each year. This condition causes a deterioration of cones and rods, also called photoreceptors, in the eye. The cones and rods are essential to proper sight, so inevitably vision will begin to deteriorate as well.
Dry macular degeneration happens when the epithelial layer, found just below the retina, begins to atrophy. Unfortunately, there is no surgical or other treatment that can correct the problem and completely stop it. Those suffering from dry macular degeneration must learn how to cope with it. Many doctors have found that there are ways to slow the progression of the condition so the patient retains their vision for longer.
Symptoms of Dry Macular Degeneration
There are many signs that appear in cases of dry macular degeneration. Those who suspect they may be suffering from this eye condition can look for the following symptoms:
- Drusen: Drusen form as small white or yellow material that builds up in the Bruch’s membrane of the eye. It is completely normal for elderly individuals to notice Drusen in small quantities. When larger amounts appear, the patient may be suffering from dry macular degeneration.
- Color and Contrast Vision Problems: The patient will notice that colors begin to look the same. Contrast sensitivity will also begin to fade so it becomes harder to discern each characteristic.
- Decreased Vision Recovery Speed: When the human eye sees a bright light, it usually recovers very quickly. Patients with dry macular degeneration will notice the recover speed decreasing dramatically as the condition develops.
There are many other symptoms that you may be suffering from, so seeking medical assistance is important. Your doctor can provide advice as far as what dry macular degeneration treatment might be best for you. Although the condition cannot be reversed, it can be slowed using vitamins and supplements added to a regular daily diet. The key is identifying the problem early so the symptoms do not have time to progress.